Less than half of murders are solved in America?
Posted By: Zeous
Date: Sunday 9 June 2019, at 06:02 pm
Solved meaning a conviction, whereas a "clearance" is just an arrest handed off to be prosecuted, presumably.
70% of murder prosecutions result in conviction (nationwide), per this https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=qa&iid=4 03
That's not good, but better than the mounties up north. Apparently there are some statistically significant factors that lead to increased odds of solving (conviction) violent crime, but there are some conflicts of interest in police departments that have incentives out of whack, which this describes with links to supporting data.
According to the most recent FBI "Crime in the United States" report, only 45 percent of violent crime lead to arrest and prosecution. That is, less than half of violent crimes result in what is known as a "clearance" of the crime. Property crime clearances are much worse. Only 17 percent of burglaries, arsons, and car thefts are "cleared."
Among violent crimes, homicides experience the highest clearance rate by far, at 61 percent. Aggravated assault comes in at 53 percent, and rape at 34 percent.
But these are just cases where arrests are made and prosecutions are initiated. A smaller number of cases actually lead to convictions. A crime may be cleared even when the suspect is later exonerated.
According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the nationwide conviction rate for murders is 70 percent.
So, we may be looking at a situation in which for every 100 homicides, 61 percent are cleared, and then 70 percent of those — 43 cases — lead to conviction. And this assumes that the correct person is convicted.
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